by the emperor himself.
Qazwini’s work also includes a detailed description of Shah Jahan’s years of
prince hood. Later Abdul Hamid Lahori, a historian taught in the Abul Fazl
School of penmanship and historiography, a talented historian and a graceful
author, was appointed as a court historian. The typical text of Lahori’s
Badshahnama is alienated into three volumes the third was finished by his pupil
Muhammad Waris. Each volume describes a decade of his rule. Each decade was to
be take care of as separate volume, because ten was believed favorable by the
Emperor who was also the tenth Timurid leader.
An abridgement of the three
volumes of Lahori’s official history was organized by Muhammad Tahir Ashna
titled Inayat Khan, the imperial librarian of Shahjahan. There is yet one more Shahjahan
Nama written by Muhammad Sadiq Khan. Another important historical work a
comprehensive Shahjahan Nama also known as Amal-i-Saleh recitation the
impressive reign of the emperor Shahjahan is in black and white by Muhammad
Saleh Kambo. There’s in addition three unfinished histories all specially made
by the emperor. The first was written by the court poet writer Hajji Muhammad
Jan Mashhadi Qudsi. The additional two versified accounts of the reign, both
called Padshahnama were written by Abu Talib Kalim Kashani who was commended
with the task of the versification of Padshahnama and for the purpose he was
sent to the peaceful and serene valley of Kashmir.
Muhammad Tahir, who obtained
the title of ‘Inayat Khan, and was poetically first name ‘Ashna, he was son of
Zafar Khan and grandson of Khwaja Abu Hassan. Zafar Khan, the writer’s father,
was a wazir of Jahangir. In the time in power of Shah Jahan, he was one time
ruler of Kabul, and later of Kashmir, during’ which later government he
effected the occupation of Tibet recorded in the book. At a later era he was selected
in the administration of Thatta.
“He was celebrated as a poet, as a patron of letters,
and as a just and moderate ruler.” 1
Inayat Khan’s maternal
grandfather, Saif Khan, was governor of Agra, and when Prince Shuja was appointed
ruler of Bengal, Saif Khan was sent thither to perform the administration until
the coming of the prince. The author was born in the time in which Shah Jahan
came to the throne. In the seventh year of his age he accepted, as he informs
us, ‘a suitable mansab’. He was sent
to unite with his father in Kashmir while he was governor there. He was later employed
in the Imperial Library. He innate his father’s abilities and fine qualities.
He was one of the close friends of Shah Jahan. Latterly he retired from and
settled in Kashmir, where he died in A.H. 1077 (A.D. 1666). In addition to the
history of Shah Jahan’s reign, he was writer of a Diwan as well as three
Malawi. His famous work is known to be Shah Jahan Nama. The sources of the
first part of this Shah Jahan Nama are clearly acknowledged by the author. The
first twenty years are in entire agreement with the Badshahnama but are on
paper in a more simple style. The history comes down to 1068 A.H, the year in
which Aurangzeb was stated Emperor, but of this occurrence he takes no notice.
The author does not notify us whether he used any other work after the Badshahnama
as the base of his own, or whether the history of the final ten years is his
own autonomous work.
Khan, An Abridged history of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, compiled by his
Royal librarian, Ed. And completed by W. E. Begley, and Z. A. Desai, (Delhi:
Oxford University Press, 1990)