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Adolescence is a period of storm and stress.
This is full of power, ego, challenges and anxiety about things. The formal study of adolescent psychology began with
the publication of G. Stanley Hall’s “Adolescence in 1904.”
Hall, who was the first president of the American
Psychological Association, viewed adolescence primarily as a time of internal
turmoil and upheaval (strum and drang). This understanding of youth was
based on two then new ways of understanding human behavior: Darwin’s evolutionary theory and Freud’s psychodynamic theory. He believed that adolescence was a
representation of our human ancestors’ psychogenetic shift from being primitive
to being civilized. Hall’s assertions stood relatively uncontested until the
1950s when psychologists such as Erik Erikson and Anna Freud started to formulate their
theories about adolescence. Freud believed that the psychological disturbances
associated with youth were biologically based and culturally universal while
Erikson focused on the dichotomy between identity formation and role fulfillment. Even
with their different theories, these three psychologists agreed that
adolescence was inherently a time of disturbance and psychological confusion.
The less turbulent aspects of adolescence, such as peer relations and cultural
influence, were left largely ignored until the 1980s. From the ’50s until the
’80s, the focus of the field was mainly on describing patterns of behavior as
opposed to explaining them.

The adolescence period in
the Indian social system comes under Brahmacharya (apprenticeship).This is the
first ashram (stage of life) of development stages. In this stage, the child
learns the basic skills in relation to his future role as a responsible adult.
It is a fact that all living beings pass through specific stages or phases of
development. Erikson believed that each stage of life is marked by a specific
crisis or conflict between competing tendencies. Only if individuals negotiate
each of these hurdles successfully they can develop in a normal and healthy
manner. During this phase adolescents must integrate various roles into a
consistent self- identity. If they fail to do so, they may experience confusion
over who they are.

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In the period of adolescence there are many
problems faced by students which are the cause of one’s irritation and in
future it would be the reason of one’s failure. in this stage one’s try to
maintain his self-identity, self-concept, sexual orientation and identity in
his society but in this stage parents deals him or her not as child or not
adult.

In this stage students relationship flow with
feeling of haphazard and he/she tries increase no of his group members in his
group as possible. In family he feels as bondage and tries to break this
relationship. During this breakup sometime he do something wrong without think
previously. He/she wants his autonomy in his group and belief format and design
according to self.

The main cause of problems in this stage is
emotions which effects all decision of the students. The result of this is
academic achievement is decreasing day by day towards failure. Through
Emotional Intelligence we control over these stage of emotions adolescence and
give further right direction to the students for their betterment of life.

All these problems which related to the stage
of adolescence are healing up through Yoga & Meditation. In previous
researches researchers found that Yoga & Meditation helps us concentrate on
our object, continuity, patience, curiosity, anxiety, positive, calmness and
healthy body. If we control our emotions through Yoga & Meditation then it
would be helpful for his/her in better academic achievement.

In Vedic Sanskrit,
Yoga (from the root yuj)
means “to add”, “to join”, “to unite”, or
“to attach” in its most common literal sense. By figurative extension
from the yoking or harnessing of oxen or horses, the word took on broader
meanings such as “employment, use, application, performance” (compare
the figurative uses of “to harness”
as in “to put something to some use”). All further developments of
the sense of this word are post-Vedic. More prosaic moods such as
“exertion”, “endeavour”, “zeal”, and
“diligence” are also found in Indian
epic poetry.

Maharshi Patanjali Yoga Sutra is a universally accepted
treatise on the subject of Yoga. Yoga is the union of mind and body and the
control of modifications of mind. In Indian contemplation uni-lateral
development of Personality has not been given any importance. Special emphasis
has been laid to the development of mind and soul along with the body. Thus,
Yoga is a science that aims at the total development of Personality. For a
common person Yoga is simply the practice of Asana. But it is only the third
component of Astang Yoga which has eight components viz; Yama, Niyama, Asana,
Pranayama, Pratyahar, Dharma, Dhyan and Samadhi.

Yoga means the
integration of mind, body the whole psyche. Since ancient time we understand
the importance of sound mind that invariably necessitates a healthy body, the
practice of Yoga is a surest way to acquire a disease free and vigorous body
and the positive health is sure to facilitate the process of mind control.

The
ultimate goal of Yoga is moksha (liberation),
although the exact definition of what form this takes depends on the
philosophical or theological system with which it is conjugated.

According
to Jacobsen, “Yoga has five principal meanings”.

1.     
Yoga, as a disciplined
method for attaining a goal;

2.     
Yoga, as techniques of
controlling the body and the mind;

3.     
Yoga, as a name of one of
the schools or systems of philosophy (dar?ana);

4.     
Yoga, in connection with
other words, such as “hatha-, mantra-, and laya-,” referring to
traditions specializing in particular techniques of Yoga.

5.     
Yoga, as the goal of Yoga
practice

 

1.1.0 EMERGENCE OF THE STUDY

Modern
era is the age of science and technology. Life of human being is too hazardous.
There are so many reasons which disturbed to student and distract them from
their goal. These problems affect their emotions and academic achievement.

As
we know the period of adolescents is full of hopes and ambition about the
future therefore it is the age of stress and storm. If student could not
achieve their goals they are getting depressed.

In
present age to improve the level of confidence it is too important to give
emphasis on Yoga & Meditation. It helps the student to maintain their level
of control on self. When we realize the self through Yoga & Meditation it
helps us to control on our emotion and emotion directly affected our academic
achievement. From ancient age of Yoga it always helps to improve the level of
confidence.

If
we develop the Yoga & Meditation in students then our next generation
control their emotion easily this helps them to present themselves strongly in
society. Yoga & Meditation give more emphasis on concentration and
self-realization. This would help students to improve their academic
achievement. By increasing the level of concentration and self-realization it
help to increase the level of confidence and leads him towards success.

With
the help of this researcher increase the interest of students towards subjects.
Yoga helps to decrease the level of negative emotions and increase the level of
positive emotion.

When
student get success to control their negative emotion through Yoga &
Meditation then they would try for their goals and achieve them with the full
control of mind and concentration. This the age of competition so it is the
most important thing that student must concentrate on their goals for better
achievement in education or life and it could be possible through Yoga &
Meditation.

In
future it will help to the student for decision making- power , quick response
, reasoning attitude towards problems , calm in nature, nature of curiosity ,
internal motivation , increase the interest , improve the level of confidence
and a positive attitude towards others.

An
urge arises in his mind, that do Yoga & Meditation effect on Emotional
Intelligence and academic achievement? 
To know the answer of this question investigator took up this study. 

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